Step 4 (5 hours): Reading
- Dexheimer Neto, Felippe Leopoldo, et al. “Lung ultrasound in critically ill patients: a new diagnostic tool.” Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia 38.2 (2012): 246-256.
- Volpicelli, G., et al. “Lung ultrasound in diagnosing and monitoring pulmonary interstitial fluid.” La radiologia medica 118.2 (2013): 196-205.
- Xirouchaki, Nektaria, et al. “Lung ultrasound in critically ill patients: comparison with bedside chest radiography.” Intensive care medicine 37.9 (2011): 1488-1493.
- Mayo, Paul H., and Peter Doelken. “Pleural ultrasonography.” Clinics in chest medicine 27.2 (2006): 215-227.
Before you can advance to the next section, please complete the following:
1. (From Dexheimer Neto Article): The _____ sign is found in pleural effusion due to the cyclic motion of the underlying lung parenchyma using the M-Mode.
2. (From Volpicelli Article): Diffuse lung interstitial involvement in diseases and the generation of mulitple and bilateral sonographic ____ lines was shown in multiple studies.
3. (From Xirouchaki Article): IN this study, for consolidation, ultrasound had a sensitivity of 100% and a diagnostic accuracy of ___%.
4. (From Mayo Article): Dynamic signs confirming the presence of pleural liquid include lung flapping (jellyfish sign), undulating movements (strands or fronds agitated by cardiac or respiratory motion, and _______, which is debris agitated by cardiac or respiratory motion in the pleural effusion.