Echocardiogram Advanced Step 4

Reading (3 hours):

In order to continue with the module, please complete the following:

1. (From Vermeiren Article): A quick method to estimate left ventricle ejection fraction is to measure ______ movement of the mitral annulus ring.
2. (From Stawicki Article): Mean central venous pressure values were ______proportional to the inferior vena cava collapsibility index.
3. (From Blaivas Article): Patients presenting with cardiac _____ on bedside echocardiogram do not survive to leave the ED regardless of their electrical rhythms and may be an additional marker for cessation of emergency ultrasonography.

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